The plantation sector in India is dominated by millions of small and marginal farmers and mainly confined to the economically and ecologically vulnerable regions. The changing cropping pattern, climate change concerns and constraints on natural resource use and reduction in profitability in the plantation scenario warrants innovative strategies and approaches to address challenges and promote accelerated growth of the sector. Coconut, arecanut and cocoa are important plantation crops of India with a profound influence on the rural economy by supporting the livelihoods of 20 million people in the country. However, of late these crops are facing unprecedented crises on account of various macro and micro level factors. The productivity of these crops is constrained by the low input use efficiency in conjunction with other biotic and abiotic stresses which are priority areas of research. The aspects of mechanization also demand for adequate importance, considering the scarcity of skilled labour. Above all, the most important facet is value addition, which should be strengthened to address the issues of low profitability of the coconut, arecanut, and cocoa sectors. The relevance of CPCRI arises exactly in this context, wherein the institute strives for technology generation and dissemination to address the challenges and to convert the weaknesses in to opportunities, in a concerted and synergized fashion.
A century (1916-2016) of scientific endeavour of the CPCRI has greatly contributed towards the overall growth of area, production and productivity of the plantation crops. In terms of Gross Value Output, coconut contributes Rs 95,000 million to the national income and arecanut contributes Rs 45,000 million. In the case of cocoa, the contribution to the national income amounts to Rs 2,000 million. In terms of exports, coconut earns Rs 21,385 million (including coir products) while the contribution of arecanut is Rs 300 million. The analysis on impact of yearly planting materials supplied from CPCRI revealed that there would be an economic impact to the tune of Rs 1604 Lakhs/year, considering the economic life span of the coconut palms. The practice of recommended IDM measures would generate an additional benefit of Rs 10200/ ha/year and in the long run, eight percent more Internal Rate of Return will be generated per year. The overall economic impact (per annum) due to the adoption of CPCRI technologies has been estimated to be Rs 19,000 million per annum.
CPCRI is celebrating 100 years of service to the nation during 2016 and continues to strive for enhancing livelihood security, empowering rural woman and youth through “skill development” and building agribusiness ventures to strengthen the “Make in India”. CPCRI is successfully implementing“Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav”(My village and My pride) for better interaction between scientists and farming community to make agriculture more remunerative. Technologies developed at this institute for recycling of organic wastes have immensely contributed to sustainable farming and for strengthening the “Swatch Bharath”.